The goal of this study was to assess baseline ecosystem services in the Than Hoa and Nghe An provinces of Vietnam. The general methodological approach utilized a first‐pass, rapid assessment based on existing data and InVEST, a collection of models that generates indicators of ecosystem function from which ecosystem service flows can be inferred.

The study focused on five ecosystem services which were identified by local stakeholders as important and which were deemed feasible to model given existing data sets: regulation of greenhouse gas fluxes (including carbon sequestration), regulation of water quantity for hydropower, habitat quality, regulation of nutrients, and retention of soils and sediments.